First established in 2003, IDV Courts are made for a single judge to preside over multiple cases between family members, where the main or prevalent issue is alleged domestic violence between the parties.
For example, a wife and husband have a marital fight, the police are called. In short order, the
spouses might accumulate one or more criminal proceedings in a local criminal
Court, one or more family offense cases in Family Court, and a
divorce proceeding in Supreme Court. In the past, different judges would
have been assigned to each of those proceedings, requiring court
appearances in three different courthouses, sometimes resulting in
conflicting decisions between the various judges. Now, one judge presides
over all of the family's interrelated legal matters in IDV Court.
So far, approximately 18,000 families throughout New York State have had
their legal matters resolved in IDV Courts. That number will continue to
grow. IDV Courts look like they will be around for a while.